Acadia Pharmaceuticals Announces Positive Top-line Results from the Pivotal Phase 3 Lavender Trial of Trofinetide in Rett Syndrome

Acadia Pharmaceuticals Announces Positive Top-line Results from the Pivotal Phase 3 Lavender Trial of Trofinetide in Rett Syndrome

Categories: Blog, Clinical Trials, News, Research

– Trofinetide met co-primary efficacy endpoints demonstrating statistically significant improvement over placebo in
the Rett Syndrome Behaviour Questionnaire (RSBQ) (p=0.0175) and the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement
(CGI-I) (p=0.0030)
– Trofinetide met key secondary endpoint demonstrating statistically significant improvement over placebo in
CSBS-DP-IT–Social (p=0.0064), caregiver scale of ability to communicate
– Pre-New Drug Application meeting with the U.S. FDA planned for the first quarter 2022
– Conference call and webcast to be held today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time

Neuren Pharmaceuticals also released information here

SAN DIEGO–(BUSINESS WIRE)– Acadia Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ACAD) today announced positive top-line
results from the pivotal, Phase 3 Lavender™ study evaluating the efficacy and safety of trofinetide in 187 girls and
young women aged 5-20 years with Rett syndrome. The 12-week placebo-controlled study demonstrated a
statistically significant improvement over placebo for both co-primary endpoints. On the Rett Syndrome Behaviour
Questionnaire (RSBQ), change from baseline to week 12 was -5.1 vs. -1.7 (p=0.0175; effect size=0.37). The Clinical
Global Impression–Improvement (CGI-I) score at week 12 was 3.5 vs. 3.8 (p=0.0030; effect size=0.47). The RSBQ
is a caregiver assessment of the core symptoms of Rett syndrome and the CGI-I is a global physician assessment of
worsening or improving of Rett syndrome.

Additionally, trofinetide demonstrated a statistically significant separation over placebo on the key secondary
endpoint, the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile™ Infant-Toddler
Checklist–Social composite score (CSBS-DP-IT–Social) change from baseline to week 12 was -0.1 vs. -1.1
(p=0.0064; effect size=0.43).

“These are encouraging results for patients and families affected by Rett syndrome. Patients reported improvements
in core symptoms, like being able to respond to a choice when asked by their parents, or experiencing more freedom
from the repetitive hand movements that create obstacles in other areas of their lives,” said Jeffrey L. Neul, M.D.,
Ph.D., Annette Schaffer Eskind Chair and Director, Vanderbilt Kennedy Center; Professor of Pediatrics, Division of
Neurology, Pharmacology, and Special Education, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Lavender study
investigator. “The positive Lavender study results support a potential treatment for Rett syndrome and represent an
important step forward in addressing this rare and serious neurological disease.”

Study treatment discontinuation rates related to treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were 17.2% in the
trofinetide group as compared to 2.1% in the placebo group. The most common adverse events were diarrhea
(80.6% with trofinetide vs. 19.1% with placebo), of which 97.3% in the trofinetide arm were characterized as
mild-to-moderate, and vomiting (26.9% with trofinetide vs. 9.6% with placebo), of which 96% in the trofinetide arm
were characterized as mild-to-moderate. Serious adverse events were observed in 3.2% of study participants in both
the trofinetide and placebo groups. Patients completing the Lavender study had the opportunity to continue to
receive trofinetide in the open-label Lilac and Lilac-2 extension studies. More than 95% of participants who
completed the Lavender study elected to roll-over to the Lilac open-label extension study. The results from this study
will be submitted for presentation at upcoming medical meetings.

“The consistent efficacy across primary and key secondary endpoints in the Lavender study demonstrates the
potential of trofinetide to treat Rett syndrome,” said Kathie Bishop, Ph.D., Acadia’s Senior Vice President, Chief
Scientific Officer and Head of Rare Disease. “We want to thank the patients, their caregivers, study site personnel,
physicians and everyone who participated in the Lavender study for their contribution to making this milestone a
reality. We look forward to continuing this important work and potentially delivering an FDA-approved treatment for
this rare and devastating disease.”

Acadia is preparing for a pre-NDA meeting with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the first quarter of
2022 and plans to submit a New Drug Application (NDA) around mid-year 2022. Trofinetide has been granted Fast
Track Status and Orphan Drug Designation for Rett syndrome. Trofinetide has also been granted Rare Pediatric
Disease (RPD) designation by the FDA. An NDA with Orphan Drug Designation is eligible for priority review. With an
RPD NDA we would expect to be awarded a Priority Review Voucher if approved, subject to final determination by
the FDA.

In 2018, Acadia entered into an exclusive license agreement with Neuren Pharmaceuticals Limited (ASX: NEU) for
the development and commercialization of trofinetide for Rett syndrome and other indications in North America.

Conference Call and Webcast Information
Acadia will discuss top-line results from its Lavender study of trofinetide for the treatment of Rett syndrome via
conference call and webcast today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The conference call can be accessed by dialing
855-638-4820 for participants in the U.S. or Canada and 443-877-4067 for international callers (reference passcode
7989366). A telephone replay of the conference call may be accessed through December 20, 2021 by dialing
855-859-2056 for callers in the U.S. or Canada and 404-537-3406 for international callers (reference passcode
7989366). The conference call will also be webcast live on Acadia’s website,, in the
investors section and archived until January 3, 2022.

About Lavender™
The Lavender study was a Phase 3, 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of trofinetide in
187 girls and young women aged 5-20 years with Rett syndrome, designed to evaluate its efficacy and safety. The
co-primary endpoints of Lavender included both a caregiver (Rett Syndrome Behaviour Questionnaire [RSBQ]) and
physician (Clinical Global Impression–Improvement [CGI-I]) assessment. The key secondary endpoint was also a
caregiver assessment designed to evaluate communication skills, the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales
Developmental Profile™ InfantToddler Checklist – Social Composite Score (CSBS-DP- IT–Social).

About Rett Syndrome
Rett syndrome is a rare, debilitating neurological disorder that occurs primarily in females following apparently
normal development for the first six months of life. Rett syndrome is often misdiagnosed as autism, cerebral palsy, or
non-specific developmental delay. Rett syndrome is caused by mutations on the X chromosome on a gene called
MECP2. There are more than 200 different mutations found on the MECP2 gene that interfere with its ability to
generate a normal gene product.

Rett syndrome occurs worldwide in approximately one of every 10,000 to 15,000 female births and in the United
States impacts 6,000 to 9,000 patients. Rett syndrome causes problems in brain function that are responsible for
cognitive, sensory, emotional, motor and autonomic function. Typically, with symptoms presenting between six to 18
months of age, patients experience a period of rapid decline with loss of purposeful hand use (fine motor skills),
development of hand stereotypies, absent or impaired mobility (gross motor skills), loss of communication skills
(including eye contact) and inability to independently conduct activities of daily living. Symptoms also include
seizures, disorganized breathing patterns, an abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine (scoliosis), and sleep
disturbances. Currently, there are no FDA-approved medicines for the treatment of Rett syndrome.

About Trofinetide
Trofinetide is an investigational drug. It is a novel synthetic analog of the aminoterminal tripeptide of IGF-1 designed
to treat the core symptoms of Rett syndrome by potentially reducing neuroinflammation and supporting synaptic
function. Trofinetide is thought to stimulate synaptic maturation and overcome the synaptic and neuronal
immaturities that are characteristic of Rett syndrome pathophysiology. In the central nervous system, IGF-1 is
produced by both of the major types of brain cells – neurons and glia. IGF-1 in the brain is critical for both normal
development and for response to injury and disease. Trofinetide has been shown to inhibit the production of
inflammatory cytokines, inhibit the overactivation of microglia and astrocytes, and increase the amount of available
IGF-1 that can bind to IGF-1 receptors.

Trofinetide has been granted Fast Track Status and Orphan Drug Designation for Rett syndrome. Trofinetide has
also been granted Rare Pediatric Disease (RPD) designation by the FDA. Upon FDA approval of a product with RPD
designation, the sponsor can receive a Priority Review Voucher, which can be used to obtain FDA review of a New
Drug Application for another product in an expedited period of six months.

About Acadia Pharmaceuticals
Acadia is trailblazing breakthroughs in neuroscience to elevate life. For more than 25 years we have been working at
the forefront of healthcare to bring vital solutions to people who need them most. We developed and commercialized
the first and only approved therapy for hallucinations and delusions associated with Parkinson’s disease psychosis.
Our late-stage development efforts are focused on dementia-related psychosis, negative symptoms of schizophrenia
and Rett syndrome, and in early-stage clinical research we are exploring novel approaches to pain management,
and cognition and neuropsychiatric symptoms in central nervous system disorders. For more information, visit us at and follow us on LinkedIn and Twitter.

Forward-Looking Statements
Statements in this press release that are not strictly historical in nature are forward-looking statements. These
statements include but are not limited to statements regarding the timing of future events. These statements are only
predictions based on current information and expectations and involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Actual
events or results may differ materially from those projected in any of such statements due to various factors,
including the risks and uncertainties inherent in drug development, approval and commercialization. For a discussion
of these and other factors, please refer to Acadia’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31,
2020 as well as Acadia’s subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You are cautioned not to
place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. This caution is
made under the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All forward-looking
statements are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement and Acadia undertakes no obligation to revise
or update this press release to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof, except as required by law.

Media Contact:
Acadia Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Deb Kazenelson
(818) 395-3043
[email protected]
Investor Contact:
Acadia Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Mark Johnson, CFA
(858) 261-2771
[email protected]
Source: Acadia Pharmaceuticals Inc.